Sunday, August 13, 2017

SF + SWL Mash-Up Part 2


When it comes to skill systems, I tend to be a curmudgeonly old grognard. I don’t like them. Instead of being inspirational, they are restrictive — they tell players what they cannot do rather than what they can do. Therefore, I prefer having nothing to do with skill systems in games that I run or design. Unfortunately, sci-fi RPGs necessitate some kind of acknowledgement that the worlds they inhabit are heavily dependent upon various skill sets in order to emulate. Thus, if I am going to do a mash-up of SWL + SF I am going to have to come up with a skill system that is inspirational rather than restrictive.

My generic response to skill systems is a concept I call Areas of Expertise (AoE). Rather than being a specific skill, like Knowledge: Nobility, an AoE is a broad category like Society. Rather than telling a player that their character cannot know about the local Nobility in the area they are exploring (you don’t have the specific Knowledge: Nobility skill or you fail your roll if you do), an AoE invites the player to justify why a character should know about the local Nobility. A player with a broad category like “Social” can haggle with the Referee explaining how six degrees of separation allows to him know someone who knows someone or some other creative explanation.

SF actually divides its skill system into three broad categories called Primary Skill Areas: Military, Technological and Biosocial. Each of these are then broken down into more specific skills, some of which are far more specific than others. For example, the Military sub-sets are broken down into specific weapon types whereas one of the Biosocial skills is “Environmental.” Besides the odd mix of specific with broad, I really like this set-up, particularly in the way that (with the odd exception of Military) the system tries to keep it simple by having three skills under each Primary Skill Area.

Therefore, I am going to be borrowing heavily from this set-up, with a few tweaks. Firstly, the Primary Skill Areas will become AoEs and the Skills will becomes Specializations. The idea is this: There will be times when it will become really hard for a player to justify how their AoE is relevant to a particular situation and the Referee will need a roll to see if there is some obscure way that the player’s argument holds water. If the player can then justify that their character’s Specialization is part of the equation, they can get a +1 to the roll. It also gives the player more room for negotiating with the Referee that their character should be able to do a particular task or know a particular piece of information.

The three AoEs will be:
  • Military
  • Hard Science
  • Biosocial
The Military Specializations will be:
  • Ranged Combat (offering a +1 when using ranged weapons)
  • HTH Combat (offering a +1 when in melee)
  • Special Ops (offering a +4 to hit and x2 damage when attacking with surprise)
(These bonuses are up front because the player’s suggestion that they should always hit in combat because of this AoE will always fall short)

The Hard Science Specializations will be:
  • Space
  • Electronics
  • Mechanics
The Biosocial Specializations will be:
  • Environment
  • Medicine
  • Diplomacy

Players choose one AoE and one of its Specializations at character creation. For those worried about Thief Skills, I can see plenty of ways to justify how they would be covered by various Specializations:
  • Find/Remove Traps: Environment, Electronics, Mechanics, Space
  • Open Locks: Electronics, Mechanics
  • Hide in Shadows: Environment, Space
  • Move Silently: Environment, Special Ops
  • Hear Noise: Diplomacy, Space
  • Read Languages: Diplomacy, Electronics
  • Climb Walls: Special Ops, Environment
I am not going to include this particular list in the rules, because I would much prefer to encourage players to make the arguments as to why their character should be able to do them.

Note that these AoEs are available to all classes. Thus, it is possible to have nine different flavors of each class which allows players a tool with which to delve into the background of their character and make something really cool from just a few tidbits of information. It also allows a Referee to either go with the flow and have a hugely diverse universe (as seen in the Star Wars Cantina scene) or to chisel out specific entities within their universe where each AoE specialization would come from (allowing for a much more hard sci-fi approach).

To sum up, this system encourages a lot of creative banter between players and referees (which is something I really enjoy at the table); however, it also provides a backup "skill roll" for those who prefer that style of play or for those who don't like to engage in a lot of negotiations.

1 comment:

JB said...

Huh...I want to chew this over for a bit.

BTW (should have mentioned this before): you might want to check out X-Plorers, if you haven't already. You can get the "no art" version free:

X-Plorers is a B/X-style sci-fi game that appears to be HEAVILY influenced and flavored by Star Frontiers. It has...well, just check it out if you haven't had a chance to do so. You might find their approach to classes and skills inspirational for your own mash-up.

I'm sorry, I should have mentioned this game first!