Saturday, March 9, 2013

Saintly Saturday: 40 Martyrs of Sebastia

Technically, today’s feast was celebrated yesterday because of a rare confluence of events. March 9th is the Feast of the 40 Martyrs of Sebastia; however, today is also the Saturday of the Souls — a penitential day remembering all the dead throughout the ages that trumps any celebration of a saint’s feast. Due to the fact the the 40 martyrs are so beloved, their feast gets moved so that they can be properly celebrated, even though are still remembered today (welcome to the wonderfully complex world of the Orthodox liturgical calendar).

The 40 were soldiers in the Roman army serving in the east. They declared themselves to be Christian when St. Constantine issued the Edict of Milan, which made Christianity legal; however, the persecutions continued in some parts of the empire.

The martyrs were arrested, stripped of their military rank and their clothes, and cast into a frozen lake. A temporary bath house with warmed water was built on shore in order to tempt them. During the night, a soldier named Aglaius was tasked with guarding the forty and receiving any who would deny Christ. He was given a vision of angels bestowing crowns to 39 of the 40. The one without a crown gave up the contest and denied Christ. Seeing this, Aglaius professed himself a Christian and voluntarily climbed into the frozen lake so that their number stayed at 40.

The next morning, nearly dead from the cold, they were thrown into a fire and burned to death. Given my recent rumination on names, I think it appropriate to list all forty:
  1. Acacius
  2. Aetius
  3. Aglaius
  4. Alexander
  5. Angus
  6. Athanasius
  7. Candidus
  8. Chudion
  9. Claudius
  10. Cyril
  11. Cyrion
  12. Dometian
  13. Domnus
  14. Ecdicius
  15. Elias
  16. Eunoicus
  17. Eutyches
  18. Eutychius
  19. Flavius
  20. Gaius
  21. Gorgonius
  22. Helianus
  23. Heraclius
  24. Hesychius
  25. John
  26. Lysimachus
  27. Meliton
  28. Nicholas
  29. Philoctemon
  30. Priscus
  31. Sacerdon
  32. Severian
  33. Sisinius
  34. Smaragdus
  35. Theodulus
  36. Theophilus
  37. Valens
  38. Valerius
  39. Vivianus
  40. Xanthias

There is an interesting account of the recovery of the relics of the 40 martyrs in the Ecclesiastical History of Sozomen. He claims to be an eye witness to some of the events, which started with a vision granted the Empress Pulcheria by St. Thyrsus. This led to an investigation which eventually led to the discovery of the relics.

This invites a meditation upon the concept of the treasure map, because the vision received by Empress Pulcheria could very well be interpreted as a kind of treasure map and the relics were certainly considered to be a great treasure. 

I have given out a great number of treasure maps in my day, even a few that did not look like a traditional map (an icosahedron with clues to various means of finding said treasure, for example), but I have never had much success with having my players actually use these maps (even those meticulously prepared to be really cool props at the table). The only time something of this nature actually ever panned out to having the players actually find a treasure was with a similar situation to that of empress Pulcheria.

For my players, at least, the key to get them to engage such things is a kind of interactivity. A conversation with a saint offers a far more enticing adventure seed than a piece of parchment with an ‘X’ on it. Thus, at my table, the concept of treasure map really needs to be removed from its classical form and be re-interpreted.

Besides a vision of a saint, here are a few ideas for transforming the treasure map into something my players might actually be interested in:
  • A clockwork automaton that, when asked the proper questions, reveals the location of treasure.
  • A sphinx, whose “treasure” is actually information.
  • A puzzle that leads to more puzzles (and possibly various parts of a broken magical artifact).
  • A familiar of a dead wizard, that somehow managed to survive that death (which could be a very cool mystery unto itself).
  • An intelligent sword that seeks out the remains of its proper owner.

What have been some of your most successful uses of the treasure map concept?

1 comment:

  1. One map so far in my campaign. It was pretty cryptic but the party guardedly described some details to a traveling NPC and they knew where the location was. It turned out, though, that the map was bogus, created by town elders to throw adventurers off the true location of the purple worm graveyard - beneath their town.